Learn from best practices within the industry, pre-testing considerations, troubleshooting tips, lessons-learned, and problem solving recommendations.

Evaluation of Intelligent and Non‑Static Power Sources: A Rational Clarification

Product standards, such as IEC 62368‑1 for ITC equipment, struggle to keep up with technology changes, even when they are designed to be adaptable – such as this hazard-based standard. Unexpected consequences can develop with the introduction of disruptive technology that takes advantage of a seeming loophole in a standard and move forward without getting a full evaluation under the standard. Fault managed power systems, such as PoE, push the standard in getting proper evaluation. This paper is a case study including a detailed proposal as to how to address an issue such as this within the standard.

Why Histograms and Free Run Matter

Oscilloscopes are key tools for power integrity measurements. With decreasing DC voltages and tolerances, techniques for accurate power rail testing have to be refined constantly. This article presents a new, widely unknown approach which reduces test times significantly. It combines waveform histograms and free run trigger mode, which lets developers capture and analyze a much higher percentage of rail activity than the traditional method.

High Voltage ESD Protection for Automotive Ethernet Applications

Ethernet solutions have been popular in industrial and computing applications for several decades but were not widely adopted in the automotive area. Automotive ethernet enables fast and robust data communication, with high flexibility in bus topologies for multiple electronic control units (ECUs).

Health Monitoring and Prediction of Cells in a Battery Module or Pack Under Operating Condition

The state of health of cells in a battery pack under operating condition is difficult to obtain through existing IEC and ISO standard methods under laboratory conditions. However, a cell state of health (SOH) profile shall be able to establish by the comparison of electro-impedance spectroscopy (EIS) generated statically versus dynamic operating data retrieved by battery management system (BMS) communication interface as fragments of EIS.

Reducing Battery Life Risk in Mission Critical IoT Devices

The Internet of Things (IoT) is moving into more mission critical applications, especially with connected medical devices. Engineers can reduce the risk of premature battery failure by following the practical methods described in this article.