Traditionally, validation engineers of analog products have had to worry about one thing, their analog function. But with the advent of functional safety, the complexity in system design has increased, and functions once found only in digital devices are now making their way into analog devices as well. This leaves individuals with one question- how to validate?
DC-DC converters are among the most important modules in an electric vehicle. In this article, we offer three recommendations to address design aspects of DC-DC converters that will make a huge difference in their EMC performance.
This article presents the fundamentals and application of capacitors. What is a capacitor, and how do we select them? Techniques of selecting capacitors and things to consider when using capacitors are highlighted. Both practical examples and simulation are used to demonstrate the key points.
Grounding is often viewed from separate points of view - safety, ESD, or EMI. This article combines all these aspects together so that practitioners can address grounding at the factories and in the laboratories in a comprehensive way.
Secure facility designs often comingle ICS/ICD-705 and NSA 94-106 design requirements, creating project confusion with significant design and cost implications. This article focuses on bringing some clarity to the differences between ICS/ICD-705 design guidance and NSA 94-106 performance requirements. The related secure facility design and construction process is also reviewed.
This article presents the EMC design techniques for electric vehicle powertrain modules. High voltage EMC regulations for powertrain modules are reviewed first to help understand associated design challenges. The design techniques are then demonstrated in detail to help engineers design a module that will pass the EMC requirements in the test chamber.
The electronic industry has embraced simulation to address several complex design challenges, but reliability is still mostly dealt with best design practices and tested with prototypes. In this article, we present how modeling and simulation approaches can help designers perform virtual prototyping and uncover reliability issues especially EOS/ESD before going for physical prototypes.
In Part 2 of this two-part article, we’ll discuss the development and use of isolated bonding networks (IBNs).
In Part 1 of this two-part article, we’ll discuss the development of “grounding networks” and the shift to meshed structures to reduce damage from overvoltages. Part 2 will appear in our November 2020 issue.
Robust ESD protection does not ensure that IC designs are protected from unintended EOS effects. This article identifies areas of risk in some ESD design methods.