Standards and Regulations

A Look at the European Commission’s New Low Voltage Directive Guide

The European Commission's Low Voltage Directory (LVD) legal obligations vary for economic operators, with most falling upon manufacturers. The new LVD Guide offers interpretation and instruction on these obligations, clarifying when importers and distributors might take on manufacturer responsibilities among other issues.

The Antenna Measurement Standard IEEE 149 Finally Gets an Update

In its current form, IEEE Std 149 “IEEE Standard Test Procedures for Antennas” is a marginally useful document. While the standard is a good source for interesting and pertinent information, the document has not undergone a significant update since 1979. The changes to the new version of the IEEE Std 149 will make the document an essential reference in any laboratory that conducts antenna measurements.

Protecting Industry from HEMP and IEMI

Protection from high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) and intentional electromagnetic interference (IEMI) is an important consideration to the design of modern electronic systems, especially those that control critical infrastructures.

The European Commission’s Latest EMC Directive Guidance

The European Commission, the executive body of the European Union, published its latest “Guide for the EMC Directive.”1 Updated to reflect the 2014 recast of the Directive, the Guide discusses various issues, not least what constitutes “inherently benign equipment” and “custom built evaluation kits.” This article reviews the content of the new Guide, highlighting key changes from the previous edition of the Guide published in 2010.
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