Common-Mode Current Creation and Suppression

This article discusses the creation of a common-mode current in a typical circuit and explains the effectiveness of a common-mode choke on differential-mode and common-mode currents.
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Experiments In EMC: How Common Mode Currents Are Created

1307 F2 cover“I’ve all ready read the books on EMC and visited a lot of home pages... But all these references did not mention anything about the physical phenomenon that causes common mode currents... Are common mode emissions inherent in any physical system? Can I model them?” Overheard on the ‘Net

It’s by no means a trivial question. And, in spite of decades of hand waving by authors and consultants, the principal mechanism by which common mode currents are created in digital devices was not well understood until the decade of the 90s. In this article, we’ll explore the physics behind the creation of common mode currents, and perform some experiments to verify our understanding.