Low Voltage Charged Device Model (CDM) Testing at a Crossroads

Most ESD experts consider CDM testing to be the most critical ESD qualification test for modern integrated circuits. ESD control engineers need to know the charged device ESD robustness of all components passing through their manufacturing line. CDM measurements provide that knowledge.

What Are the Advantages of Capacitively Coupled TLP (CC-TLP)?

Within the past 18 years, many studies exploring 3 µm to 7 nm technologies have demonstrated the excellent correlation of CC-TLP with CDM in terms of stress current failure threshold as well as electrical failure and physical damage signature.

Toward Standardization of Low Impedance Contact CDM

The 16.6 ohm implementation of contact CDM (LICCDM) recently published in ANSI-ESD Standard Practice 5.3.3 is shown to produce waveforms of similar shape, Ifail, and Ipeak vs. Ceff dependency as JS-002. The non-monotonicity of JS-002 at low voltages is overcome using LICCDM. A path to joint standardization with air discharge testing is proposed.

Device Failure from the Initial Current Step of a CDM Discharge

CDM discharges exhibit a fast initial current step when the stray capacitance of the pogo pin is charged. It is demonstrated that the high slew rate can damage sensitive gate oxides. The miscorrelation of CDM and CC-TLP methodologies is addressed by applying pulses with 20 ps rise time.
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Next Generation Charged Device Model ESD Testing

The charged device model describes the electrostatic discharge (ESD) event that occurs when an integrated circuit (IC) is rapidly charged or discharged through a single pin to a metallic surface.