University of Southern California scientists are developing a water-based organic battery called an organic redux flow battery that is less expensive, rechargeable, and more environmentally friendly.
These new batteries work similar to a fuel cell, and feature two tanks that contain electroactive chemical solutions. When the chemicals are forced into the membrane-divided cell, the solutions interact through the membrane and produce electricity. The total amount of energy the system can store is dependent on how large the electroactive chemical tanks are, and can be any size. The batteries could potentially be used for wind and power plants as a way to store large amounts of energy.