The Commission of the European Union (EU) has released a comprehensive proposal for a regulation governing the use of artificial intelligence (AI).
Released in late April, the EU Commission’s proposal to provide harmonized rules on the use of AI provides a legal framework that would both serve to promote the use of AI in future technologies while also addressing the risks associated with its use. The proposed regulation, which complements the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2016/679) and its Law Enforcement Directive (Directive (EU) 2016/680), consists of three “core components,” as follows:
- Provide for a technology-neutral definition of AI systems that is future proof, to the extent that it can cover techniques and approaches that are not net known or developed.
- Avoid regulatory overreach by focusing on “high-risk” AI use cases, based on their intended purpose, the severity of potential harm, and the probability of its occurrence.
- Ensure that high-risk AI systems follow a set of specifically designed requirements, including: 1) the use of high-quality datasets; 2) establishing appropriate documentation to enhance traceability; 3) sharing of adequate information with the user; 4) the design and implementation of appropriate human oversight measures, and; 5) achieving the highest standards of robustness, safety, cybersecurity, and accuracy.
The proposal is the product of a multi-year effort by the Commission and other stakeholders to develop regulations and guidelines applicable to current and future uses of AI technology in the EU.