When Gaston Planté invented the rechargeable battery in 1859, a new system of stored energy emerged. Today, digital technology has helped to make the electrochemical battery smart by providing a window into a battery’s state-of-function.
Car makers are extending the driving range of the electric vehicle to resemble a gasoline-powered car. This requires larger batteries that grow exponentially with the distance driven.
Transported lithium-based batteries are divided into two types: lithium-ion found in mobile phones and laptops, and non-rechargeable lithium-metal used in medical devices and a number of consumer grade AA, AAA and 9V batteries.